Ichimoku kinko hyo: Ichimoku Kinko Hyo Indicator & FIve Components Explained


Other important trade signals within an Ichimoku strategy appear when the Chikou Span crosses the price chart. Thus, when the Chikou Span line crosses the price’s base line from below, this indicates an upcoming bullish trend and also produces multiple buy signals. If the Ichimoku Chikou comes from above, this is a potential bearish trend and a sell signal. Next, via the retest of the broken-out Senkou A, the price action reached Senkou B and even went beyond the cloud zone. At the next bar, however, the price rolled back to the trading range, drawing a false cloud breakout pattern.

The Kijun-sen, or base line, is one of the components of the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo indicator or Ichimoku cloud. It provides trade signals when combined with the other components. If the Ichimoku Chikou line breaks out the price base line upside, buy; if it breaks the price chart downside, sell signals. If you look a little deeper, in the 4-hour chart,BTCUSD price moves below the cloud, where Kijun acts as a resistance line before the cloud kumo turns red.

The exit from a Kumo breakout trade is the easiest part of the whole trade. The trader merely waits for their stop-loss to get triggered as the price exits the opposite side of the Kumo on which the trade is transpiring. Since the trader has been steadily moving their stop-loss up with the kumo during the entire lifespan of the trade, this assures they lock in profits or limit losses as a trade moves favorably. When entering a trade upon a Kijun Sen cross, the trader will review the current value of the Kijun Sen and place their stop-loss few pips/points on the opposite side of the Kijun Sen that their entry is placed on. When looking to enter Short, the trader will look to place their stop-loss just above the current Kijun Sen and when looking to enter Long, the trader will place their stop-loss just below the current Kijun Sen. A weak Kijun Sen cross Buy signal takes place when a bullish cross happens below the Kumo.

Finally, it is recommended that you combine the indicator with other indicators. For example, when the Kijun-Sen and Tenkan-Sen makes a crossover, with the price moving upwards, it is usually a signal that the upward trend will continue. A reversal of the trend is usually signalled when the price enters the orange cloud. It is calculated by adding the highest high and highest low in the past 52 days divided by 2. This is calculated by adding the Tenkan-Sen and the Kijun-sen. The Chikou Span strategy does not dictate the use of any particular Ichimoku structure for stop-loss placement like some other strategies do.

Chikou span confirmation

If the Chikou span’s location in relation to the price curve is the opposite of the Tenkan Sen/Kijun Sen Cross cross’s sentiment, then that will weaken the signal. In addition to providing a view of sentiment and its relationship with price, the Kumo itself also has its own “internal” sentiment or bias. This makes sense when we consider that the Kumo is made up of essentially two moving averages, the Senkou span A and the Senkou span B.

The system itself was finally released to the public in 1968, after more than twenty years of testing, when Mr. Hosoda published his book which included the final version of the system. Create a live accountand leverage your Ichimoku knowledge in the real market. When it comes to the speed we execute your trades, no expense is spared. ThinkMarkets ensures high levels of client satisfaction with high client retention and conversion rates.


If the green line crosses the price from the top-down, that is a sell signal. The Ichimoku Kinko Hyo, or Ichimoku for short, is a technical indicator that is used to gauge momentum along with future areas of support and resistance. We can also confirm the bearish sentiment through the Chikou Span, which at this point remains below the price action. If the Chikou was above the price action, it would confirm bullish sentiment. Putting it all together, we are now looking for a short position in our USD/JPY currency pair. If the price moves above the top line, the market is likely to go up following a strong bullish trend, and vice versa.

The system allows you to trade by yourself or copy successful traders from all across the globe. The Ichimoku indicator is available in theMT4 platform for free and is one of the built-in indicators in it. I recommend usingLiteFinance online platform in the beginning of your journey as a trader — there the Ichimoku indicator is also one of the built-in ones. I forgot to make a snapshot when I closed the trade, so I made it at the time of writing. The price moves and breaks through the local high, I move the trade to the breakeven. I have made a classification of Ichimoku strategy signals to help you in future.

Putting the Ichimoku Chart All Together

With these three major classifications in mind, we will add something else into the equation – the Chikou Span. As we explained in the section detailing the Chikou Span, this component acts as a “final arbiter” of sentiment and should be consulted with every single trading signal in the Ichimoku Kinko Hyo charting system. Each of the three classifications of the Tenkan Sen/Kijun Sen Cross cross mentioned above can be further classified based on the Chikou Span’s location in relation to the price curve at the time of the cross. If the cross is a “Buy” signal and the Chikou Span is above the price curve at that point in time, this will add greater strength to that buy signal. Likewise, if the cross is a “Sell” signal and the Chikou span is below the price curve at that point in time, this will provide additional confirmation to that signal.

At one point, USD/JPY breaks under the cloud as the red line still trades below the blue line. In this regard, any situation where Tenkan moves below Kijun signals a downtrend in the price action, and vice versa. In order to further validate the trade signal, you may want to consult Kumo and see whether it is generating the same signal. The most important functions of the Ichimoku indicator is to identify trend direction and generate trading signals. Developed by Goichi Hosoda, a Japanese journalist who reportedly spent 30 years working on it, the Ichimoku Cloud is also used to identify trend direction, gauge momentum, and generate applicable trading signals. Generally, markets are bullish when Senkou Span A is above Senkou Span B and vice versa when markets are bearish.

Nevertheless, care does need to be taken to ensure the breakout is not a “head-fake” which can be especially prevalent when the breakout takes place from a flat top/bottom Kumo. To ensure the flat top/bottom is not going to attract price back to the Kumo, it is always advisable to look for another Ichimoku structure to “anchor” your entry to just above/below the Kumo breakout. When the Senkou span A and B switch places, this indicates an overall trend change from this longer-term perspective.

kijun sen

By following trends, Ichimoku can help you to avoid entering the wrong side of where the market. You’ll know it’s trendless when the price is oscillating on either side of the cloud. Basically, when the market is trading sideways, choppy, aka trendless. Find the approximate amount of currency units to buy or sell so you can control your maximum risk per position.

These signals must correspond to the ongoing global trend, as Ichimoku is first of all a trend indicator. Here, the Ichimoku trading strategy becomes more complicated, and you will have to miss some signals. However, if you practice the candlestick analysis, you will achieve better results as you will cut the potential stop loss size, detail the entry point more accurately and exit the trades on time. Trading in the range suggests entering trades in the direction of the leading span B when the price breaks out of the leading span A.

The chart in the Figure below shows some classifications of the Senkou span cross. The dashed vertical lines represent the 26-period relationship between price and the Senkou span cross. Thus, point A represents a bullish Senkou span cross that can be categorized as a “strong” buy signal due to the fact that price , at the point of the cross, was trading above the Kumo. Likewise, point C represents a bearish Senkou span cross that generated a strong sell signal due to the price’s location at point D below the Kumo. The Senkou span cross at Point E generated a neutral buy signal since the price was trading within the Kumo at that point. The lagging span represents one of Ichimoku’s most unique features; that of time-shifting certain lines backward or forwards to gain a clearer perspective of price action.

Three most effective trading indicators for Forex traders

When the price reaches Senkou leading Span B you should be trading in the direction of the first line and so on. I recommend entering a trade after the Ichimoku cloud has changed the color. A Stop Loss, in a perfect situation, is put at some distance from the cloud.

Also called leading span 2, this line forms the other edge of the Kumo. Regardless of the market, Ichimoku emphasizes to trade in the direction of the trend and NOT against the trend. Meanwhile, the Kijun Sen acts as an indicator of future price movement. If the price is above the Senkou span, the top line serves as the first support level while the bottom line serves as the second support level. The second Senkou line is determined by averaging the highest high and the lowest low for the past 52 periods and plotted 26 periods ahead. The trader will be able to balance risk/reward ratios and control the position by adhering to strict money management rules.

Later, this algorithm was applied to the Forex chart analysis. The third line is a kind of oscillator to filter trading signals. Similarly, when the price is falling, you should watch out for the baseline. If it crosses it, it is a signal that a reversal is about to happen and that you should start to exit. In a downtrend, if the line is on the left of the price, it is usually a signal of a strong downward trend. Finally determined that the settings of 9, 26, and 52 were the ideal Ichimoku Kinko Hyo settings for obtaining optimum results.

Key Elements of Ichimoku’s Graphic Environment

Senkou Span A is the averaged value of Tenkan-sen and Kijun-sen , projected ahead by the set period . DTTW™ is proud to be the lead sponsor of TraderTV.LIVE™, the fastest-growing day trading channel on YouTube. If the price is above or below the cloud as shown above, it is usually a sign that the trend will continue. Trailing stop-loss” of sorts and enables the trader to keep a tight hold on risk management.

Signals sent by the Senkou Span lines and the cloud they create. The Senkou span or leading span A and B lines could be the support and resistance levels, depending on the trend. The leading span A is a less important level, the leading span B is thought to be stronger, it marks the border of the long-term trend. This all-in-one technical indicator Ichimoku cloud kumo is composed of five lines, which are called tenkan-sen , kijun-sen , senkou span A, senkou leading span B and chikou span.

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