Momentum indicator forex: Momentum Forex Strategy

market condition

market trends

The price rate of change indicator measures the momentum strength and determines the deviation of the current price from the average price a number of periods ago. Most traders like the simplicity and straightforwardness of the indicator. If you set a longer period, you can define the trend, or you can use the momentum with a shorter period to spot the overbought/oversold zones. Studying the above examples, we can conclude that the interpretation of signal lines is a complex approach. You should understand the current market sentiment and refer not only to indicator signals but also take into account the rules of your trading strategy.

The average daily volatility of the instrument was 62 pips in March 2022. A buy signal is when the Momentum indicator crosses the MA from the bottom up. If the trend is up, the Momentum indicator should break out level 100 upside to send a buy signal. After the momentum fixed below the zero level in late January 2022, the S&P has been trading down, which is confirmed by the indicator readings . In late December 2021, momentum started rising, and the stock prices were also growing and hit a new high of 4800.

When the fast Stochastic line breaks through the slow one, be prepared to enter a sell trade. If the indicator is below level 100 and is breaking through the local lows, the trend is down. If the indicator line is above level 100 and is breaking through its local highs, the trend is up.

When the Momentum indicator is overbought, the price can continue to move higher. Learn how to trade forex in a fun and easy-to-understand format. The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

Momentum is one of the most important concepts in technical analysis. Momentum can be measured by various trading indicators including RSI, Stochastics, Williams %R, and the Momentum Indicator among others. The CCI indicator measures the difference between the current price and the historical average price. Differently put, the indicator analyses the relation between the price and the moving average. Crossovers of the blue and orange lines suit to trade in the trend price movement direction.


The Moving Average Convergence Divergence is one of the top momentum indicators for trend continuation. It works by comparing a longer exponential moving average to a shorter-term EMA to produce the MACD line. That histogram then has a simple moving average calculated on top of it, called the ‘signal line’.

In addition, a nine-period EMA of MACD itself is plotted alongside the MACD and acts as a trigger line. When MACD crosses the nine-period line from the bottom, it signifies a change to the upside; when the move happens in the opposite manner, a downside signal is made. Relative Strength Index helps traders understand how frequently the currency pair prices change in the forex market to predict the future market prices. Average Directional Index is a technical indicator that measures the currency pair price movement in a particular trend direction to determine the ongoing trend’s strength.

Average True Range – the ATR Indicator: improve your trading with volatility measure

Waning momentum suggests that the market is becoming exhausted and may be due for a retracement or reversal. An accelerating momentum condition suggests that the trend is strong and likely to continue. Many momentum trading techniques such as a breakout of a recent range relies on this idea of accelerating momentum.


To avoid this, some traders focus on how much the indicator has risen or fallen compared to past performance data. If the indicator line has deepened far down, then it is time to take profit from the sell trade. If the indicator line has grown significantly in relation to level 0, then it is time to take profit from the purchase.

Closing price compared to the previous close

There are a lot of valuable strategies that require the knowledge of candlestick patterns and oscillators. When you start trading with them, you can face situations when the strategy is not moving your way. The following tactics of trading with Momentum indicator is based on signals the trader receives when the line crosses 0 – 100 levels. Margin trading involves a high level of risk and is not suitable for all investors. Forex and CFDs are highly leveraged products, which means both gains and losses are magnified.

momentum model

The DPO uses a zero line to indicate oversold and overbought market conditions. The area above the zero line is the oversold market area, and the area below the zero line is the overbought market area. Momentum indicators in technical analysis are used to identify a trend and spot the overbought/oversold zones.

Trading Use

An example of such a momentum indicator is the Moving Average Convergence Divergence . We can see from the price action beginning at the left side of the chart, that the NZDUSD was in a downtrend. As the down move began to subside, prices started to reverse and trade to the upside. Price action put in the first significant top during the up move, and soon after price action was beginning to test the major resistance area. As price moved into resistance, we were able to notice that a nice divergence pattern was forming as well. The above chart displays the price action for the NZDUSD pair on the 2 hr. timeframe.

There is no single momentum technical indicator that fits all occasions. That’s why it’s essential to know different indicators and how to use them in different trading strategies. By now you should have a good understanding of what the Momentum indicator is, how it is constructed, and some of the trading signals that it provides.

If the momentum indicator is above the 0 level and the indicator readings are rising, the uptrend is speeding up. This means that the current uptrend momentum is strong, and the price action should continue going up. The Momentum or MTM indicator is used to analyse the trend direction, the strength of the price movements, and determine the potential pivot points. In real estate, month-over-month figures provide a measure of rate of change, which is what the study of momentum is all about. You can use the Momentum indicator as a trend-following oscillator similar to the Moving Average Convergence/Divergence . Buy when the indicator bottoms and turns up and sell when the indicator peaks and turns down.

They seek to understand if the market is overbought or oversold at close and if it could be about to change direction. The momentum indicator includes a single curve fluctuating within the borders of the additional window. Wide Ranging BarsWide Ranging Bars are strong momentum indicators that help traders understand the market direction and identify ideal entry and exit points. When the indicator gives a reading below 20, the currency pair price breaks below the support level, and the market is considered oversold. This signals traders to enter the trade due to an expected uptrend.

The narrower is the distance between the lines, the stronger is the signal. To identify a bearish divergence in the bullish market, you need to draw a line along with the most recent highs in the price chart and do the same with the indicator. To reduce market noise, technical analysts usually use the momentum indicator with period 21 in the daily timeframe. This number of periods allows measuring a short-term trend that usually continues during a month.

How to Calculate Momentum

Moving average convergence/divergence is a momentum indicator that shows the relationship between two moving averages of a security’s price. Traders often say that the best trade may be the one you don’t take. One of the greatest strengths of the momentum model is that it does not engage in low probability setups. Traders can fall prey to the impulse to try to catch every single turn or move of the currency pair. The momentum model effectively inhibits such destructive behavior by keeping the trader away from the market when the countervailing momentum is too strong. However, although this set-up may indeed offer a high probability of success, it is by no means a guaranteed money-making opportunity.

Closing price compared to moving average

Not only will the setup sometimes fail outright by producing false signals, but it can also generate a losing trade even if the signal is accurate. Remember that while momentum indicates a strong presence of trend, it provides no measure of its ultimate potential. A new momentum swing low or high is usually created when price makes a sudden and violent move in one direction. A belief by either bulls or bears that price at present levels represents inordinate value, and therefore strong profit opportunity. Typically, these are the early buyers or sellers, and they wouldn’t be acting so quickly if they didn’t believe that price was going to make a substantive move in that direction.

The Moving Average Convergence Divergence is an indicator that depicts the relationship between a slow-moving average and a fast-moving average . The MACD reveals the ongoing trend’s direction, strength, momentum and duration in a forex market. The Momentum Indicator essentially measures the rate of change or speed of price movement of a financial instrument. It measures the most recent closing bar to a previous closing bar n periods ago. By analyzing the rate of change, we can gauge the strength or “momentum” in a forex currency pair or financial instrument.

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