Share consolidation: 2022 Share Consolidation


The higher-priced shares following the split may also be less attractive to certain retail investors who prefer stocks with lower sticker prices. They decide to go for the 1-for-5 reverse stock split, which essentially means merging five existing shares into one new share. Once the corporate action exercise is over, the company will have 2 million new shares (10 million / 5), with each share now costing $25 each ($5 x 5). The new ordinary shares will be treated as the same asset acquired at the same time as your original holding.


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Having a higher share price can also attract certain investors who would not consider penny stocks for their portfolios. The GSK Share Consolidation will not result in a change to the ratio of GSK shares represented by each GSK ADS. However, following the GSK Share Consolidation becoming effective, the existing GSK shares held by the ADS Depositary will be replaced with a smaller number of new GSK shares. As a result, GSK ADS holders will, upon cancellation of their existing GSK ADSs, be issued with and receive 4 new GSK ADSs for every 5 existing GSK ADSs. GSK expects to publish its results for the second quarter of 2022 on Wednesday 27 July 2022 which will confirm the dividend to be declared for that quarter. Bombardier’s Board of Directors has since announced that it plans to proceed with the Share Consolidation at a ratio of 25-for-1, to be executed on June 13, 2022. Some exchange-traded products like exchange-traded notes naturally decay in value over time and must undergo reverse splits regularly, but these products are not intended to be held for longer than a few hours or days.

Shares trading on the OTC Markets exchange will trade for 20 business days under the symbol “BDRAD” and “BDRBD”, following the share consolidation, before reverting to the normal “BDRAF” and “BDRBF” symbols. A corporate action is any event, usually approved by the firm’s board of directors, that brings material change to a company and affects its stakeholders. As a result, despite having a significant market capitalization, Bombardier has a much higher share count than other industrial companies with business and operations of a similar size.

This is our global website, intended for visitors seeking information on GSK’s worldwide business. For CSN Shareholders who have a Shareview Portfolio account, and have not elected for paper statements to be issued to them, the CSN statements will only be made available electronically via their account. By the agreement subsequently, ratified by the AA, each fully paid up member on midnight of 4 July was entitled to a cash payment of £248.56, which was paid by cheque in mid-October 1999. The times and dates set out in the timetable below and throughout this announcement are indicative only and based on GSK’s current expectations and may be subject to change without further notice. Our corporate factsheet provides an overview of Centrica’s business, our portfolio and our People & Planet Plan. Shareholders are not required to make any payment to the Company in respect of the Proposed Share Consolidation.

It indicates that the stock price has gone to the bottom and that the company management is attempting to inflate the prices artificially without any real business proposition. Additionally, the liquidity of the stock may also take a toll with the number of shares getting reduced in the open market. Reverse stock splits are proposed by company management and are subject to consent from the shareholders through their voting rights. Any fractional shares will be aggregated and sold on the market, with the proceeds therefrom, net of brokerage commissions and expenses, being proportionately distributed to registered holders in lieu of the fractional shares.

Why did Bombardier opt for a share consolidation?

Depending on market developments and situations, companies can take several actions at the corporate level that may impact their capital structure. One of these is a reverse stock split, whereby existing shares of corporate stock are effectively merged to create a smaller number of proportionally more valuable shares. Since companies don’t create any value by decreasing the number of shares, the price per share increases proportionally. Unless a holding of existing ordinary shares at the record time was exactly divisible by the denominator in the consolidation ratio, a shareholder will have a fractional entitlement to a new ordinary share. A share consolidation has no impact on a company’s value and corresponding worth of shareholder holdings. After the Share Consolidation, shareholders will own fewer shares but the price per share will be proportionately higher.


The Company will make arrangements with CDP to effect the exchange for New Share Certificates pursuant to the Proposed Share Consolidation. Shareholders will not be required to make any payment to the Company in respect of the Proposed Share Consolidation. Remaining relevant and avoiding being delisted are the most common reasons for corporations to pursue this strategy. Ryan Eichler holds a B.S.B.A with a concentration in Finance from Boston University.

What are the tax implications of the share consolidation?

The payment was regarded as income by the Inland Revenue in the same way as company dividends. A tax voucher with the details was sent with the cheque and showed a tax credit of £27.62 and a cash payment of £248.56. We answered some of the most frequent questions about the Share Consolidation below. Additional details about the share consolidation, its effects and how it will be carried out can be found in Bombardier’s 2022Management Proxy Circular. Share Consolidationmeans a consolidation of the Company’s share capital, as further described on page 10 of the Explanatory Notes. If the stock falls below this bid price and remains lower than that threshold level over a certain period, it risks being delisted from the exchange.

Share Consolidationmeans the consolidation of NAP’s issued and outstanding Common Shares on the basis of one New Common Share for every 400 Common Shares. Share Consolidationmeans the TSX and shareholder approved consolidation of the then existing Common Shares and Warrants of the Company on a one-for-twenty-five basis, effective at the opening of trading on June 18, 2013. A stock split is when a company increases the number of its outstanding shares of stock to boost the stock’s liquidity. There are several reasons why a company may decide to reduce its number of outstanding shares in the market, some of which are advantageous. It can signal a company in distress since it raises the value of otherwise low-priced shares. GSK cautions investors that any forward-looking statements or projections made by GSK, including those made in this announcement, are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected.

The share consolidation has no impact on the respective voting rights and privileges of the company’s Class A Shares and Class B Shares. Other regular instances of reverse stock splits include many small, often non-profitable companies involved in research and development (R&D), which do not have any profit-making or marketable product or service. In such cases, companies undergo this corporate action simply to maintain their listing on a premier stock exchange.

Rights Issue

As a result, the total value of their investment will not change, other than as a result of any fractional shares resulting from the consolidation that will be paid out in cash to the shareholder. In 2002, the largest telecommunications company in the U.S., AT&T Inc. , performed a 1-for-5 reverse stock split, in conjunction with plans of spinning off its cable TV division and merging it with Comcast Corp. . The corporate action was planned as AT&T feared that the spinoff could lead to a significant decline in its share price and could impact liquidity, business, and its ability to raise capital. The proportionate change in share price also supports the fact that the company has not created any real value simply by performing the reverse stock split.

The special dividend and the recently announced interim dividend of 2.5p per share were both paid on 17 November 2004. Say a pharmaceutical company has ten million outstanding shares in the market, which are trading for $5 per share. As the share price is lower, the company management may wish to artificially inflate the per-share price. There will be no impact as the per-share dividend paid on Class A Shares and Class B Shares, when declared, will be proportionately adjusted to reflect the share consolidation. Capital stock is the number of common and preferred shares that a company is authorized to issue, and is recorded in shareholders’ equity. Reverse splits are usually done when the share price falls too low, putting it at risk for delisting from an exchange for not meeting certain minimum price requirements.

The consolidation was linked to the payment of a special dividend of 12 pence per share on 23 June 1999. A share consolidation exchanges a fixed number of existing shares for a smaller number of new shares. This means that at a ratio of 25-for-1, every 25 Class A Shares and every 25 Class B Shares will be automatically combined into 1 new Class A Share and into 1 new Class B Share, as applicable, and the share price will proportionally increase. Generally, a reverse stock split is not perceived positively by market participants.

For example, if shares of a company planning a spinoff are trading at lower levels, it may be difficult for it to price its spinoff company shares at a higher price. This issue could potentially be remedied by reverse splitting the shares and increasing how much each of their shares trades for. Removal from a national-level exchange relegates the company’s shares to penny stock status, forcing them to list on the pink sheets.

A stock dividend is a payment to shareholders that is made in additional shares rather than in cash. The previous market cap is the earlier number of total shares times the earlier price per share, which is $50 million ($5 x 10 million). The market cap following the stock merger is the new number of total shares times the new price per share, which is also $50 million ($25 x 2 million).

A reverse stock split is a type of corporate action that consolidates the number of existing shares of stock into fewer (higher-priced) shares. A reverse stock split divides the existing total quantity of shares by a number such as five or ten, which would then be called a 1-for-5 or 1-for-10 reverse split, respectively. A reverse stock split is also known as a stock consolidation, stock merge, or share rollback and is the opposite of a stock split, where a share is divided into multiple parts.

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